Mastitis is a mammary inflammation caused by microbes in dairy cows. It is the biggest enemy of milk and dairy cows. Causes of the disease: It is divided into 4 as Bacterial, Viral, Fungal and Nonspecific causes. The most important factors are bacterial ones.
1. Invison period: Microbes enter the mammary canal.
2. Infection period: Microbes entering the mammary canal actively multiply in the mammary cavities and cover the breast tissue.
3. Inflammation period: Inflammation occurs as a result of the reaction of the organism against toxic (poisonous) and other substances formed by microbes settled in the breast. Abscesses in the breast and disorders in the milk duct occur.
Course of the disease:
The disease is generally seen in 3 forms:
1. Acute mastitis: With the deterioration of the general condition of the animal, the mammary lobes are swollen, reddened due to hot, hard and painful inflammation. Milk comes in a watery, clotted, pus and bloody form.
2. Supacute mastitis: Inflammation is not evident in the breast. There are dark clots in the milk
3. Chronic mastitis: It can be formed as a result of acute and subacute mastitis. Inflammation is not observed, and there is no visible change in milk. Transmission of the Disease:
THE REASONS PLAYING A ROLE IN TRANSMITTING THE DISEASE FROM ONE ANIMAL TO ANOTHER ARE:
• People who are milking
• Milk machines • Calves
• Patients do not leave
• Shelters are not cleaned well Diagnosis of the disease; clinical symptoms are of great importance in the early diagnosis of the disease and initiating treatment without delay.
• Coagulations in milk
• Visible changes in the breast, swelling, stiffness and redness in the bag
• Pain in the nipples, pain
• Fire In addition to the appearance of these symptoms, it is always possible to diagnose with simple chemical diagnostic methods. Early diagnosis and early treatment will prevent breast blindness and loss of milk. Effects of the Disease: Mastitis in general
1. Decreases milk melting
2. Reduces milk quality and fat content
3. Causes breast atrophy
4. It lowers the value of dairy animals and makes them butchery.
5. The milk of an animal with mastitis is harmful to human health Preventive and milking methods in mastitis:
• Pay attention to the cleaning and disinfection of the barn, and the place where the animals sleep should be suitable.
• Animals should not be left in the cold, young animals should be separated from the old ones.
• Natural sucking should be stopped in suckling calves, sick milk should not be given to the calf.
• Cows with hereditary udder disorders should be removed from the herd, animals with damaged udders should be butchered.
• During milking, health rules must be strictly followed, manual milking should be done properly, milk should never be left in the udder.
• Before milking, after milking, the udder must be washed with warm water and dried.
• Attention should be paid to the cleaning and disinfection of milking machines.
• Care must be taken to prevent germs from entering the breast canal while administering medication into the breast.
• Breeders should consult with the veterinarian in such cases.
• With early diagnosis, treatment with an appropriate antibiotic should be started immediately according to the causative agent of the disease. Early treatment is more likely to be treated.
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